(Franz) Joseph Haydn German:( listen); 31 March 1732 31 May 1809) was a prolific Austrian composer of the Classical period. He was instrumental in the development of chamber music such as the piano trio and his donations to musical form have earned him the epithets “Father of the Symphony” and “Father of the String Quartet
Haydn spent much of his career as a court musician for the wealthy Esterházy family at their remote estate. Until the later part of his life, this detached him from other composers and movements in music so that he was, as he put it, “forced to become original”.Yet his music circulated wide and for much of his career he was the most famous composer in Europe.
Johann Strauss II
Johann Strauss II (October 25, 1825 June 3, 1899), also known as Johann Strauss Jr., the Younger, the Son (German: Sohn), Johann Baptist Richard Strauss, was an Austrian composer of dismount music, in particular dance music and operettas. He composed over 500 waltzes, polkas, quadrilles, and other types of dance music, as well as several operettas and a ballet. In his lifetime, he was known as “The Waltz King”, and was for the most part then responsible for the quality of the waltz in Vienna throughout the 19th century.
Arnold Schoenberg or Schönbe ; 13 September 1874 13 July 1951) was a Jewish Austrian musician, music theorist, and painter. He was associated with the expressionistic movement in German poetry and art, and loss leader of the Second Viennese School. By 1938, with the rise of the Nazi Party, Schoenberg’s works were marked dissipated music, since he was Jewish (Anon. 1997 2013). He moved to the United States in 1934.